The Muslim world is vast and diverse, spanning continents and cultures, and it is home to countless leaders who have played pivotal roles in shaping the destiny of their respective nations and influencing global affairs.

Here, we will introduce you to some of the top Muslim leaders in the world as of my last knowledge update in September 2021.

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan 

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has been a prominent figure in Turkish politics for decades. He served as Turkey’s Prime Minister from 2003 to 2014 and has been the President since 2014. Under his leadership, Turkey has seen significant political and economic changes. Erdoğan is known for his charismatic and polarizing style.

King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud 

As the King of Saudi Arabia, Salman holds a critical role in the Islamic world. His leadership is marked by efforts to modernize the country and his involvement in regional politics, notably in the Gulf and the Middle East.

Imran Khan 

A former cricket star turned politician, Imran Khan became the Prime Minister of Pakistan in 2018. His leadership has focused on social and economic reforms, as well as fostering closer relations with Islamic countries.

Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum 

As the Vice President and Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates and the ruler of Dubai, Sheikh Mohammed has been instrumental in transforming Dubai into a global hub for trade, tourism, and finance.

Mahathir Mohamad 

Mahathir Mohamad is a veteran Malaysian politician, having served as the Prime Minister on two separate occasions. He is known for his strong stance on Islamic issues and his role in promoting the modernization of Malaysia.

Hassan Rouhani 

Hassan Rouhani served as Iran’s President until 2021. His presidency marked a period of negotiation and diplomacy, particularly concerning Iran’s nuclear program, which had a significant impact on global politics.

Sheikh Hasina 

As the Prime Minister of Bangladesh, Sheikh Hasina has been a key figure in South Asian politics. Her leadership has focused on improving the country’s infrastructure and socio-economic conditions.

Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani 

Sheikh Tamim has been the Emir of Qatar since 2013. Under his rule, Qatar has gained international prominence, especially in areas like sports, education, and diplomacy.

Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al Said 

Before his passing in 2020, Sultan Qaboos was highly respected for his role in modernizing Oman and promoting diplomacy in the Middle East. He was one of the longest-serving leaders in the Arab world.

Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan 

Although he passed away in 2004, Sheikh Zayed’s legacy endures. He was a key figure in the formation of the UAE and was known for his visionary leadership, transforming the nation into a prosperous and modern state.


It’s important to note that leadership positions and political dynamics can change, so the status of these leaders may have evolved since my last knowledge update in September 2021. The Muslim world continues to be dynamic and ever-changing, with new leaders emerging and existing ones adapting to meet the evolving challenges of the modern era.